For your convenience, we have compiled a list of the most common questions that people usually wonder about Pennsylvania State Constables.
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Q: What is a Constable?
A: Constables are sworn Law Enforcement/Peace Officers, whom possess statutory arrest powers for certain crimes and breaches of the peace committed in their presence, anywhere within the boundaries of the Commonwealth. Constables are also mandated by law to perform duties at the polls on election day, and are the only law enforcement officers allowed to be present at the polling place.
Also, after the completion of basic training, Constables may serve as the strong arm of the minor judiciary. Judicial duties include, but are not limited to, the enforcement of Arrest Warrants, effectuating service of civil & landlord tenant complaints, executing Orders of Possessions (evictions),& Orders of Execution (levies), providing courtroom security, Fingerprinting, and Prisoner transports to name a few.
Constables are Public Officials, elected (or appointed) to their positions in accordance with the laws of elections. Each Municipality in Pennsylvania has one or a number of Constables allotted for each respective district. The term of office of a Constable is 6 years.
Q: What training does a Constable receive?
A: Constables are mandated to complete 120 hours of training before they are “certified” to serve the District Court System, and must also attend a minimum of 40 hours of in service update training each year in order to maintain certification with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency.
In one term of office a Constable receives a minimum of 320 hours of training from the PCCD. A Constable whom serves two terms will receive a minimum of 560 hours of training. Many Constables will also seek additional training beyond what is mandated by law, so it is not uncommon for Constables to have completed far more training that what is provided by the PCCD to increase their proficiency, professionalism, and operational preparedness to be able to respond to various situations they may encounter in the field as law enforcement professionals.
Q: How does a Constable get paid?
A: Constables are paid through the District Court System for services performed for the Court. The Fees they receive are stipulated by State Law in The Constables Fee Bill (Act 49 of 2009). This law ensures that the billing for services rendered is fair and equitable state wide. Act 49 breaks down what a Constable may bill for and how much may be charged. These fees are paid by the Plaintiff in Civil Cases and the Defendant in Criminal Cases, making Pennsylvania State Constables the most cost effective law enforcement officials to the tax payer, as tax revenue is seldom if ever used to pay for Constable Fees.